TDS Return for Salary Payment
Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) is a Income Tax. It is deducted by a person while making payment of salary, commission, rent, professional fee, contract payment or other specified payment. Tax deducted as per specified rate under income tax provisions.
Tax so deducted should be deposit into the government of India account before 7th of next month or 30th April for March payment. Non payment or delay payment is also liable for interest 1% or 1.5% per month compounding.
Thrash hold Limit of TDS Salary
While an employer makes payment of “Salaries”, the employer has to deduct TDS from salary of his employee under section 192 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and deposit it to the credit of government. However, in case the total income of the employee is upto Rs. 5,00,000/-, TDS is not required to be deducted.
What is TDS Return?
A TDS Return is a summary of all the transactions related to TDS made during a quarter. TDS Return is a quarterly statement submitted by the deductor to the Income Tax Department. The statement shows a summary of all the entries for TDS collected by the deductor and the TDS paid by the deductor to the Income Tax Authority.
- 192A – Salary paid to govt. employees other than union govt. employees
- 192B – Salary paid to non-government employees
- 192C – Salary paid to union govt. employees
Form 24Q – TDS Return for Salary payment
As per Section 192 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, an employer is required to deduct TDS at the time of paying salary to an employee. An employer has to file salary TDS return in Form 24Q for TDS deduction and submit to the Income Tax Department on a quarterly basis.
In simple words, Form 24Q is a quarterly statement which contains details of the salary paid and the TDS deducted from it. All the companies and firms in India are required to make this declaration and payment on quarterly basis.
Content of Form 24Q
TDS Salary for salary payment in Form No. 24Q is divided into two parts: Annexure I and Annexure II.
Annexure I contains details about the deductor, challans and deductees. The annexure has to be filed and submitted for all four quarters of a financial year.
Details of challan(s) mentioned in Annexure I
- BSR code of the branch
- Date of Deposit of Challan
- Challan Serial Number
- Total Amount of Challan
- Total amount to be allocated among deductee
- Interest amount to be allocated among deductee
Details of Deductee(s) mentioned in Annexure I
- Employees reference number, if available
- PAN and Name of Employees
- TDS Section Code
- Date of payment and credit
- Amount paid or credit
- TDS Amount and cess
Annexure II contains salary details that need not be submitted during the first three-quarters but, only for the fourth quarter of every financial year along with the salary details of the employee for the complete financial year. This annexure covers all deductions that have to be claimed by the employee, income from other sources, house property and overall tax liability as calculated.
Form 24Q Format
E-TDS/e-TCS return as per the file formats is to be prepared in clean text ASCII format, with ‘txt’ as filename extension. It can be prepared with the use of any other third-party software or by using NSDL e-Gov e-TDS/TCS Return Preparation Utility (RPU) that can be downloaded free of cost from the website of TIN.
After the file has been created in accordance with the file format, it needs to be verified using the File Validation Utility (FVU) provided by NSDL e-Gov. should there be any errors; the FVU shall give a report of the errors. Once the errors are corrected, verify it again through the FVU. The file generated by the FVU following successful validation has to be furnished to a TIN-FC.
Form 24Q Online
The form can be submitted online as well as offline mode along with the necessary documents. However, for certain people, it is mandatory to submit the quarterly return online in case of the following deductor is:
- A Government office
- A company’s principal officer
- Assessee has had its accounts audited for the previous year under 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
- If the record of deductees in a statement is 20 or more during any quarter of a particular financial year.
How to Download TDS Return Forms
TDS Return forms can be downloaded by following the below mentioned steps:
- Step 1: Visit the official website of NSDL at https://www.tin-nsdl.com/
- Step 2: Click the “Downloads” tab and choose E-TDS/E-TCS from the drop down list menu
- Step 3: Click “Quarterly Returns” and then choose “Regular”
- Step 4: You will be redirected to the new page
- Step 5: Choose the TDS Return Form as per the requirement mentioned under section “Form”
Due dates of Filing TDS Returns – Form 24Q
|Quarter||Quarter period||Due date|
|1st Quarter||April to June||31st July|
|2nd Quarter||July to September||31st October|
|3rd Quarter||October to December||31st January|
|4th Quarter||January to March||31st May|
Interest/ Penalty/Filing Fee
- If TDS is not deducted – 1% interest is charged per month from the due date of deduction to actual date of deduction.
- If TDS is not deposited – 1.5% of interest is charged per month from the actual date of deduction to actual date of payment.
As per Section 234E, for late filing, a fine of Rs. 200 per day will be charged until the return is filed. This amount has to be paid for each day subject to maximum equal to the TDS amount.
According to Section 271H, In addition to fees to be paid under 234E, the penalty can be charged of minimum Rs. 10,000 and maximum Rs. 1,00,000.
Note : However, there is no penalty for the following cases:
- If TDS is deposited to the government.
- If late filing fee and interest are deposited.
- If the return is filed before 1 year from the due date.
Overall Glance of Form 24Q
- It is used for preparing eTDS returns for the TDS deducted on salary under Section 192 of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
- It has to be submitted on a quarterly basis by the deductor.
- It contains details like salaries paid and the TDS deducted of the employees by the employer.
- It contains 2 annexures namely Annexure-I and Annexure II. Annexure-I contains details of the deductor, deductees and challans, while Annexure II contains the salary details of the deductees.
- Annexure-I is to be submitted by the deductor for all the four quarters of the financial year.
- Annexure II need not be submitted in the first three quarters of the financial year, but has to be furnished and submitted in the fourth quarter of the financial year with details of the employees’ salaries of the entire financial year.
How to get TDS Return File
To get more information about TDS return filing, write a email to email@example.com or send a text message or whatsapp to +91 9910000833